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ERIC Number: EJ1109562
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Aug
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1471-3802
Voices of out of School Children with Disabilities in Pakistan
Manzoor, Afaf; Hameed, Abdul; Nabeel, Tanzila
Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, v16 suppl 1 p1099-1103 Aug 2016
In Pakistan, 96% children with disabilities are out of school and are unreached for any educational services. According to UNESCO (2010), the unreached are those children and youth who are of school age but not attending school for some reasons. Some of these children may have never been to school; others may have attended school but eventually were dropped out. Reaching out these marginalised children is imperative for the country like Pakistan that intends to meet the goals of Education for All (EFA) by 2015. A survey was conducted to identify the causes of being out of school in order to propose necessary measures for their inclusion. The researchers conveniently selected 433 unreached children with disabilities across all Tehsils of districts Sheikhupura and Kasur to document the voices of out of school children and their families. Children and their parents were contacted to collect the data through structured interviews. Both qualitative and quantitative analyses were performed to answer the questions. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for the analysis of quantitative data. The study revealed that lack of school readiness, admission policy, poverty, child health conditions, distance from home to school and overprotection of children with disabilities are the main reasons (in rank order) for being out of school. It was also found that although existing special schools in both districts were providing their services through curriculum adaptation, adaptive assessment techniques, teacher trainings, student's leisure and recreational activities, but still had no capacity to accommodate all the unreached children at Tehsil level with limited budget, staff, physical infrastructure and transport facility. The study recommended that unless the regular schools are not improved through inclusive approaches, the problem would remain as such. [Paper presented at the Inclusive and Supportive Education IV Conference Congresso Internacional da Pró-Inclusão (8th, Lisbon, Portugal, July 26-29, 2016).]
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pakistan
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A