ERIC Number: EJ1109508
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
University Intramural Sport Administrators' Perceptions of Gender Modifications in Intramural Coed Flag Football
Wood, Zach C.; Garn, Alex C.
Sport, Education and Society, v21 n7 p1036-1052 2016
Coed sport environments can be paradoxical settings where pre-existing gender biases influence participants' enjoyment and success. Furthermore, gendered messages and stereotypes as well as low expectations for females within coed sports can create participation barriers by reducing feelings of confidence and performance. Within university intramural sport programs, administrators have a significant role in determining participation opportunities and experiences. From a critical perspective, this investigation examined administrators' perspectives about coed intramural flag football gender modifications. Specifically, four research questions guided this study: (1) How do intramural sport administrators view coed flag football gender modifications?; (2) To what extent do intramural sport administrators perceive gender modifications to impact coed flag football environments?; (3) What level of awareness do intramural sport administrators have about the gendered messages of coed flag football gender modifications?; and (4) To what extent are intramural sport administrators willing to modify their perceptions of the rules in light of critical questioning? Qualitative interviews were used to obtain the perspectives of 12 intramural administrators from across the USA. Administrators reported that coed gender modifications impacted perceptions about female ability, often by sending messages of inequity. Moreover, administrators revealed that the modifications created competitive strategy that often diminished the integrity of the game and undermined perceptions of female ability. Findings also indicated that administrators were highly influenced by previously existing gender stereotypes, leading to an endorsement of the modifications. Endorsements were accompanied by questioning of the rules but reluctance to enact changes. These findings elucidate the importance of scrutinizing the existence and application of coed gender modifications. Furthermore, engaging flag football participant feedback on the specific attributes of the coed modifications is important to better understand the needs of female populations. Lastly, eliminating modifications may help diminish the gendered messages that currently exist within coed flag football.
Descriptors: Athletics, Athletes, Gender Differences, College Athletics, Social Attitudes, Barriers, Team Sports, Gender Issues, Administrator Attitudes, Social Justice, Qualitative Research, Attitude Change, Sex Stereotypes, Semi Structured Interviews, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada; United States
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A