NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
PDF on ERIC Download full text
ERIC Number: EJ1109284
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Dec
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2330-8516
A Generalization of Pythagoras's Theorem and Application to Explanations of Variance Contributions in Linear Models. Research Report. ETS RR-14-18
Carlson, James E.
ETS Research Report Series, Dec 2014
Many aspects of the geometry of linear statistical models and least squares estimation are well known. Discussions of the geometry may be found in many sources. Some aspects of the geometry relating to the partitioning of variation that can be explained using a little-known theorem of Pappus and have not been discussed previously are the topic of this report. I discuss, using the theorem, how geometric explanation helps us understand issues relating to contributions of independent variables to explanation of variance in a dependent variable. A particular concern that the theorem helps explain involves nonorthogonal linear models including correlated regressors and analysis of variance.
Educational Testing Service. Rosedale Road, MS19-R Princeton, NJ 08541. Tel: 609-921-9000; Fax: 609-734-5410; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A