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ERIC Number: EJ1109046
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Dec
Pages: 30
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1759-2879
Meta-Analysis of a Continuous Outcome Combining Individual Patient Data and Aggregate Data: A Method Based on Simulated Individual Patient Data
Yamaguchi, Yusuke; Sakamoto, Wataru; Goto, Masashi; Staessen, Jan A.; Wang, Jiguang; Gueyffier, Francois; Riley, Richard D.
Research Synthesis Methods, v5 n4 p322-351 Dec 2014
When some trials provide individual patient data (IPD) and the others provide only aggregate data (AD), meta-analysis methods for combining IPD and AD are required. We propose a method that reconstructs the missing IPD for AD trials by a Bayesian sampling procedure and then applies an IPD meta-analysis model to the mixture of simulated IPD and collected IPD. The method is applicable when a treatment effect can be assumed fixed across trials. We focus on situations of a single continuous outcome and covariate and aim to estimate treatment-covariate interactions separated into within-trial and across-trial effect. An illustration with hypertension data which has similar mean covariates across trials indicates that the method substantially reduces mean square error of the pooled within-trial interaction estimate in comparison with existing approaches. A simulation study supposing there exists one IPD trial and nine AD trials suggests that the method has suitable type I error rate and approximately zero bias as long as the available IPD contains at least 10% of total patients, where the average gain in mean square error is up to about 40%. However, the method is currently restricted by the fixed effect assumption, and extension to random effects to allow heterogeneity is required.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A