ERIC Number: EJ1107970
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Commitment-to-School Scale Using a Sample of Junior High School Youth in Ghana
Ansong, David; Chowa, Gina A.; Masa, Rainier D.
Journal of Experimental Education, v84 n4 p621-638 2016
Empirical evidence from developed countries suggests that students' commitment to school is fundamental to their academic success. However, in developing countries, validated measures of student commitment to school do not exist. The current study helps fill this research gap by examining the validity and reliability of a commitment-to-school scale (CSS) adapted for the Ghanaian context. With a sample of 6,252 middle school-age students, the study employs exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses with weighted least squares means and variance adjusted (WLSMV) to establish and validate the construct as bidimensional. Measurement invariance tests confirm that the two-factor commitment model is generalizable across grade levels but not genders. Given its parsimony and good fit, the adapted CSS might be useful for future research in Ghana. Similarity of the model across grade levels suggests that the scale has potential uses in education research among diverse groups. We suggest that the CSS be developed further for better understanding of students' commitment to school.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Junior High School Students, Student School Relationship, Measures (Individuals), Media Adaptation, Test Validity, Developing Nations, Test Reliability, Factor Analysis, Least Squares Statistics, Goodness of Fit, Middle School Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Junior High Schools; Secondary Education; Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ghana
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A