ERIC Number: EJ1107962
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Monitoring Hydration Status Pre- and Post-Training among University Athletes Using Urine Color and Weight Loss Indicators
Webb, Marquitta C.; Salandy, Sinead T.; Beckford, Safiya E.
Journal of American College Health, v64 n6 p448-455 2016
Objective: To investigate the hydration status pre- and post-training among university athletes using urine color and weight loss as indicators. Participants: Participants were 52 university athletes training for campus games in a developing country. Methods: Pre- and post-training urine specimens were compared with a standard urine color scale. Paired t tests were used to compare urine color and difference in body mass pre- and post-training. Results: The mean age of the athletes was 22.87 ± 3.21. A statistically significance difference (p < 0.01) was observed between pre- (4.31 ± 1.75) and post- (5.67 ± 1.45) training urine color values for males. Hydration status and weight post-training were statistically significantly different both at the level of p < 0.01. Conclusions: The results suggest that there is a link between urine color and body mass difference among the student athletes tested. Exercise increases hypohydration due to fluid losses, and therefore attention should be given to fluid supplementation and individualization of fluid intake for each athlete.
Descriptors: Athletes, Physiology, College Athletics, Body Weight, Developing Nations, Body Composition, Statistical Analysis, Correlation, Exercise, Water, Comparative Analysis, Gender Differences, Nutrition, Foreign Countries, College Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Trinidad and Tobago
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A