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ERIC Number: EJ1107915
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1832-4215
The Influence of Technology in the Classroom: An Analysis of an iPad and Video Intervention on JHS Students' Confidence, Anxiety, and FL WTC
Ockert, David Michael
JALT CALL Journal, v10 n1 p49-68 2014
This small-scale, longitudinal study tested for the influence of video recording with a camcorder, and recording and self-viewing with an iPad. The study tested for changes in confidence, anxiety and foreign language (FL) willingness to communicate (WTC; McCroskey & Baer, 1985) using self-report measures before and after the intervention (N = 91 & 71, respectively). For the second administration, a second instrument was administered which asked about the influence of the camcorder/iPad intervention on confidence, anxiety, and WTC. The class that received the iPad intervention shows statistically significant increases in confidence and WTC, and a statistically significant decrease in anxiety. Furthermore,the WarpPLS structural equation modeling (SEM) software results show that the iPad use had a strong positive influence on confidence and WTC and may also have lowered the level of anxiety of the students video-recorded directly (n = 9) with the iPad. The results indicate that video recording and self-viewing in the classroom with an iPad may promote confidence and WTC, and lower anxiety.
JALT CALL SIG. 1-6-1 Nishiwaseda Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 169-8050, Japan. e-mail: journal!; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Junior High Schools; Secondary Education; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A