ERIC Number: EJ1107792
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 29
Transfer of Solutions to Conditional Probability Problems: Effects of Example Problem Format, Solution Format, and Problem Context
Chow, Alan F.; Van Haneghan, James P.
Educational Studies in Mathematics, v93 n1 p67-85 Sep 2016
This study reports the results of a study examining how easily students are able to transfer frequency solutions to conditional probability problems to novel situations. University students studied either a problem solved using the traditional Bayes formula format or using a natural frequency (tree diagram) format. In addition, the example problem and the target problem presented for solution had matched or mismatched context. The results found better performance when students studied frequency solutions and when the content of the study problem and target problem were matched. Beyond solution to the target problem, students did not show any differences in performance on a subsequent multiple choice task. Results are discussed in light of Gigerenzer and Hoffrage's "Psychological Review", 106, 425-430 (1999) claims about the effectiveness of using frequency solutions to help teach Bayesian conditional probability concepts.
Descriptors: Probability, College Students, Mathematical Formulas, Bayesian Statistics, Teaching Methods, Outcomes of Education, Problem Solving, Mathematics Teachers, Fractions, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Education, Transfer of Training
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A