NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1107560
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Aug
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1568-4555
Writing Khoisan: Harmonized Orthographies for Development of Under-Researched and Marginalized Languages--The Case of Cua, Kua, and Tsua Dialect Continuum of Botswana
Chebanne, Andy
Language Policy, v15 n3 p277-297 Aug 2016
Khoisan languages are spoken by various culturally diverse communities of Southern Africa. These languages also present an important linguistic diversity. Some of Khoisan languages communities are generally under-researched, marginalized and experiencing sustained sociolinguistic forces that threaten them. For those that have been documented, researchers have come up with IPA writing systems that some users, especially missionaries and literacy materials developers, have deemed impractical. These writing conventions challenges have become challenges in Khoisan orthography development. For less documented languages this situation of illiteracy in their languages compounds the problem as speakers have no resources to develop and promote their languages. The question of harmonization is raised in this paper to create a common base for the development of orthography for less documented endangered languages that are in dialect continuum such as the Cua, Kua and the Cua. The paper will argue for these dialectal continuum harmonized orthography development as a resources that will benefit these endangered languages and facilitate their integration in educational and language use policies. Harmonization with Nguni and Yeyi languages will not be envisaged as they are not Khoisan, and may not provide typical phonetic inventories found in Khoisan. Also the extensive contrast in the sound system within Khoisan will not be tackled, but the general principles of community-based writing efforts. The point made is that the promotion and preservation Khoisan languages effectively happen when they feature in education and are written and passed from one generation to the other.
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Botswana
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A