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ERIC Number: EJ1107556
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jun
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1092-4388
Story Goodness in Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and in Optimal Outcomes from ASD
Canfield, Allison R.; Eigsti, Inge-Marie; de Marchena, Ashley; Fein, Deborah
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v59 n3 p533-545 Jun 2016
Purpose: This study examined narrative quality of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) using a well-studied "story goodness" coding system. Method: Narrative samples were analyzed for distinct aspects of story goodness and rated by naïve readers on dimensions of story goodness, accuracy, cohesiveness, and oddness. Adolescents with high-functioning ASD were compared with adolescents with typical development (TD; n = 15 per group). A second study compared narratives from adolescents across three groups: ASD, TD, and youths with "optimal outcomes," who were diagnosed with ASD early in development but no longer meet criteria for ASD and have typical behavioral functioning. Results: In both studies, the ASD group's narratives had lower composite quality scores compared with peers with typical development. In Study 2, narratives from the optimal outcomes group were intermediate in scores and did not differ significantly from those of either other group. However, naïve raters were able to detect qualitative narrative differences across groups. Conclusions: Findings indicate that pragmatic deficits in ASD are salient and could have clinical relevance. Furthermore, results indicate subtle differences in pragmatic language skills for individuals with optimal outcomes despite otherwise typical language skills in other domains. These results highlight the need for clinical interventions tailored to the specific deficits of these populations.
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. 2200 Research Blvd #250, Rockville, MD 20850. Tel: 301-296-5700; Fax: 301-296-8580; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS/NIH); National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: R01MH076189|T32NS007413