ERIC Number: EJ1107339
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 34
Rawls, Republicanism, and the Adequacy-Equity Debate
Burroughs, Nathan A.
Theory and Research in Education, v14 n2 p226-240 Jul 2016
In this article, I critique the foremost proponents of the adequacy and equity approaches to educational equality. I identify tensions within the adequacy approach related to positionality in education, fostering a democratic elite through higher education, and its defense of private schooling. In contrast, equity theorists are vulnerable to the leveling down critique and place too much emphasis on education as a private good. This article sketches out strategy for integrating these principles inspired by Rawls' lexically ordered two principles of justice. Concerns about the bases of equal status as citizens can ground an adequacy standard and prevent leveling down, while a "level playing field" conception for educational opportunities addresses positional competition and promotes the long-term stability of favorable background conditions. The privileging of the first principle of justice over the second also emphasizes education as a public good.
Descriptors: Equal Education, Justice, Educational Theories, Role of Education, Educational Opportunities, Private Education, Democracy, Higher Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A