ERIC Number: EJ1107040
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Interactions between Knowledge and Testimony in Children's Reality-Status Judgments
Lopez-Mobilia, Gabriel; Woolley, Jacqueline D.
Journal of Cognition and Development, v17 n3 p486-504 2016
In 2 studies, we attempted to capture the information-processing abilities underlying children's reality-status judgments. Forty 5- to 6-year-olds and 53 7- to 8-year-olds heard about novel entities (animals) that varied in their fit with children's world knowledge. After hearing about each entity, children could either guess reality status immediately or listen to testimony first. Informants varied in their expertise and in their testimony, which either supported or refuted the entities' existence. Results revealed that children were able to evaluate the fit between the new information and their existing knowledge; this information then governed their decision regarding whether to seek testimony. Testimony had the strongest effect when new information did not conflict with, but was also not representative of, children's knowledge.
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Children, Animals, Decision Making, Expertise, Knowledge Level, Visual Aids, Task Analysis, Regression (Statistics), Cognitive Ability, Statistical Analysis, Probability
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Texas
Grant or Contract Numbers: R01HD030300