ERIC Number: EJ1106833
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 26
Gestational Alcohol Exposure and Other Factors Associated with Continued Teenage Drinking
Cornelius, Marie D.; Goldschmidt, Lidush; Day, Nancy L.
Health Education & Behavior, v43 n4 p428-433 Aug 2016
Purpose: A longitudinal cohort of adolescents who initiated drinking before age 15 were studied to determine which factors distinguished between early initiators who continued to drink (persisters) from those who stopped drinking (desisters). There were 308 early initiators in the total sample (n = 917); 247 were persisters, and 61 were desisters. Method: A stepwise discriminant analysis identified differences between the two groups. Considered risk/protective factors were parenting practices, peer drinking, child and maternal depression, child behavior, prenatal alcohol exposure, home environment, and demographic factors. Results: Desistence was significantly related to African American race and more parental strictness. Exposure to =1 drink/day during pregnancy and high levels of autonomy from parents were significant predictors of persistent drinking. Conclusions: Early initiation places adolescents at risk for continued and heavier drinking. Identifying characteristics of those who start early but do or do not continue drinking can inform education programs to better target the most appropriate adolescents.
Descriptors: Drinking, Adolescents, Mothers, Depression (Psychology), Child Behavior, Age Differences, Prenatal Influences, African Americans, Race, Parenting Styles, Parent Child Relationship, Risk, Family Environment, Peer Influence, Predictor Variables, Alcohol Education, Longitudinal Studies, Pregnancy, Health Behavior, Children, Measures (Individuals), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Observation, Discriminant Analysis, Questionnaires, Mother Attitudes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Childrens Depression Inventory; Home Observation for Measurement of Environment