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ERIC Number: EJ1106728
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Online and Face-to-Face Language Learning: A Comparative Analysis of Oral Proficiency in Introductory Spanish
Moneypenny, Dianne Burke; Aldrich, Rosalie S.
Journal of Educators Online, v13 n2 p105-133 Jul 2016
The primary resistance to online foreign language teaching often involves questions of spoken mastery of second language. In order to address this concern, this research comparatively assesses undergraduate students' oral proficiency in online and face-to-face Spanish classes, while taking into account students' previous second language experience. The sample consisted of 90 undergraduate students, both online and face-to-face, who completed the Versant test at the end of the two semester sequence of Introductory Spanish. The Versant test assessed pronunciation, vocabulary, sentence formation, and fluency as factors of oral proficiency and calculated an overall oral proficiency score. T-test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and Kruskal-Wallis H test were used to determine whether there were any significant differences between online and face-to-face students' proficiency scores. The results indicate that there were no statistically significant differences in oral proficiency at the introductory level between students who completed Spanish online and those that participated in face-to-face courses.
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Spanish, Electronic Learning, Online Courses, Web Based Instruction, Conventional Instruction, Comparative Analysis, Oral Language, Language Proficiency, Introductory Courses, Undergraduate Students, Language Tests, Scores, Statistical Analysis, Statistical Significance, Communication Skills
Journal of Educators Online. 500 University Drive, Dothan, AL 36303. Web site: http://www.thejeo.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: ACTFL Oral Proficiency Interview