ERIC Number: EJ1106556
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Brief Report: Cognitive Control of Social and Nonsocial Visual Attention in Autism
DiCriscio, Antoinette Sabatino; Miller, Stephanie J.; Hanna, Eleanor K.; Kovac, Megan; Turner-Brown, Lauren; Sasson, Noah J.; Sapyta, Jeffrey; Troiani, Vanessa; Dichter, Gabriel S.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v46 n8 p2797-2805 Aug 2016
Prosaccade and antisaccade errors in the context of social and nonsocial stimuli were investigated in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n = 19) a matched control sample (n = 19), and a small sample of youth with obsessive compulsive disorder (n = 9). Groups did not differ in error rates in the prosaccade condition for any stimulus category. In the antisaccade condition, the ASD group demonstrated more errors than the control group for nonsocial stimuli related to circumscribed interests, but not for other nonsocial stimuli or for social stimuli. Additionally, antisaccade error rates were predictive of core ASD symptom severity. Results indicate that the cognitive control of visual attention in ASD is impaired specifically in the context of nonsocial stimuli related to circumscribed interests.
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Attention Control, Visual Perception, Visual Measures, Matched Groups, Control Groups, Experimental Groups, Anxiety Disorders, Error Patterns, Visual Stimuli, Cognitive Development, Interpersonal Competence, Comparative Analysis, Cognitive Processes, Autism, Eye Movements
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
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