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ERIC Number: EJ1106348
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jul
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1302-6488
Emotional Presence in Online Learning Scale: A Scale Development Study
Sarsar, Firat; Kisla, Tarik
Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, v17 n3 Article 4 p50-61 Jul 2016
Although emotions are not a new topic in learning environments, the emerging technologies have changed not only the type of learning environments but also the perspectives of emotions in learning environments. This study designed to develop a survey to assist online instructors to understand students' emotional statement in online learning environment. This survey aimed for online instructors to understand what or how their students' can reflect their feelings and also whether they are able to transfer their emotions in online learning. The last version of the survey has 21 items and 2 subfactors which are "Giving Emotions" and "Receiving Emotions". The factor analysis results showed that Cronbach Alpha for Giving Emotion was 0.86, for Receiving Emotions was 0.79 and for the total survey was 0.88. This Likert type survey is a five-point survey in Turkish and takes 10 minutes to complete.
Anadolu University. Office of the Rector, Eskisehir, 26470, Turkey. Tel: +90-222-335-34-53; Fax: +90-222-335-34-86; e-mail:; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A