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ERIC Number: EJ1106317
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jul
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1694-609X
Does Learners' Prior Knowledge Moderate the Detrimental Effects of Seductive Details in Reading from Text? A 2 by 3 Study
Wang, Zhe; Adesope, Olusola
International Journal of Instruction, v9 n2 p35-50 Jul 2016
Previous work on seductive details has demonstrated that interesting but irrelevant messages hinder students' text learning. Considering that there is little evidence suggesting the relationship between seductive details and prior knowledge, the present study examined how seductive details affect learning in terms of prior knowledge to address the gap. Using a 2 (prior knowledge: high or low) x 3 (seductive details: not presented, presented first, and presented last) design we asked students (N = 209) drawn from a Chinese middle school to learn a text about the earth. The results showed that, low-prior-knowledge participants reading only base passage outperformed those reading seductive details (regardless of the placement) on both recall and problem-solving performance; High-prior-knowledge participants who only read the base passage and those who read seductive details at the end outperformed those who read seductive details first on problem-solving performance. The findings indicate that prior knowledge can compensate the negative effect of seductive details conditionally. Implications for research and practice are delineated and future research directions are presented.
International Journal of Instruction. Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Faculty of Education, Eskisehir, 26480, Turkey. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; Grade 8; Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A