ERIC Number: EJ1105991
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Effectiveness of an Adaptation of the Project Connect Health Systems Intervention: Youth and Clinic-Level Findings
Loosier, Penny S.; Doll, Shelli; Lepar, Danielle; Ward, Kristin; Gamble, Ginger; Dittus, Patricia J.
Journal of School Health, v86 n8 p595-603 Aug 2016
Background: The Project Connect Health Systems Intervention (Project Connect) uses a systematic process of collecting community and healthcare infrastructure information to craft a referral guide highlighting local healthcare providers who provide high quality sexual and reproductive healthcare. Previous self-report data on healthcare usage indicated Project Connect was successful with sexually experienced female youth, where it increased rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted disease (STD) testing and receipt of contraception. This adaption of Project Connect examined its effectiveness in a new context and via collection of clinic encounter-level data. Methods: Project Connect was implemented in 3 high schools. (only 2 schools remained open throughout the entire project period). Participant recruitment and data collection occurred in 5 of 8 participating health clinics. Students completed Youth Surveys (N = 608) and a Clinic Survey (paired with medical data abstraction in 2 clinics [N = 305]). Results: Students were more likely than nonstudents to report having reached a clinic via Project Connect. Nearly 40% of students attended a Project Connect school, with 32.7% using Project Connect to reach the clinic. Students were most likely to have been referred by a school nurse or coach. Conclusions: Project Connect is a low-cost, sustainable structural intervention with multiple applications within schools, either as a standalone intervention or in combination with ongoing efforts.
Descriptors: High School Students, Health Promotion, Referral, Guides, Sex Education, Females, Student Surveys, Clinics, School Nurses, Athletic Coaches, Intervention, Outcomes of Treatment, Program Effectiveness
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A