ERIC Number: EJ1105866
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 64
Has the Bologna Process Been Worthwhile? An Analysis of the Learning Society-Adapted Outcome Index through Quantile Regression
Fernandez-Sainz, A.; García-Merino, J. D.; Urionabarrenetxea, S.
Studies in Higher Education, v41 n9 p1579-1594 2016
This paper seeks to discover whether the performance of university students has improved in the wake of the changes in higher education introduced by the Bologna Declaration of 1999 and the construction of the European Higher Education Area. A principal component analysis is used to construct a multi-dimensional performance variable called the LEArning Society-adapted Outcome Index. A quantile regression is then applied to ensure that the analysis does not focus solely on average figures, and the performance of students of various types is analyzed. Significant improvements are found in the acquisition of systemic and interpersonal skills and in student satisfaction but not in cognitive aspects. There are improvements in students of all types, but they are smaller among the best students.
Descriptors: International Cooperation, Educational Cooperation, Student Mobility, College Students, Factor Analysis, Foreign Countries, Outcomes of Education, Regression (Statistics), Interpersonal Competence, Multivariate Analysis, Validity, Likert Scales
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A