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ERIC Number: EJ1105695
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jul
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Choosing between Alternative Spellings of Sounds: The Role of Context
Treiman, Rebecca; Kessler, Brett
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v42 n7 p1154-1159 Jul 2016
We investigated how university students select between alternative spellings of phonemes in written production by asking them to spell nonwords whose final consonants have extended spellings (e.g., ‹ff› for /f/) and simpler spellings (e.g., ‹f› for /f/). Participants' choices of spellings for the final consonant were influenced by whether they used one letter or more than one letter to spell the preceding vowel. Specifically, participants tended to use extended consonant spellings when they spelled the vowel with one letter and simple consonant spellings when they spelled the vowel with more than one letter. This held true whether the vowel was phonologically short or long. The findings pose problems for models of the spelling process according to which people use different spellings of a phoneme in accordance with the frequency of the phoneme-to-grapheme links in the vocabulary as a whole but in which the choices are not influenced by context. The findings also pose problems for models according to which phonological context but not graphic context can influence the choice among spelling options. Models that behave in this manner, including the best-developed computational model of the spelling process to date, need to be modified so as to take graphic context into account.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Michigan (Detroit)
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wide Range Achievement Test
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A