ERIC Number: EJ1105207
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
Exploring Differential Effects across Two Decoding Treatments on Item-Level Transfer in Children with Significant Word Reading Difficulties: A New Approach for Testing Intervention Elements
Steacy, Laura M.; Elleman, Amy M.; Lovett, Maureen W.; Compton, Donald L.
Scientific Studies of Reading, v20 n4 p283-295 2016
In English, gains in decoding skill do not map directly onto increases in word reading. However, beyond the Self-Teaching Hypothesis, little is known about the transfer of decoding skills to word reading. In this study, we offer a new approach to testing specific decoding elements on transfer to word reading. To illustrate, we modeled word-reading gains among children with reading disability enrolled in Phonological and Strategy Training (PHAST) or Phonics for Reading (PFR). Conditions differed in sublexical training with PHAST stressing multilevel connections and PFR emphasizing simple grapheme-phoneme correspondences. Thirty-seven children with reading disability, 3rd to 6th grade, were randomly assigned 60 lessons of PHAST or PFR. Crossed random-effects models allowed us to identify specific intervention elements that differentially impacted word-reading performance at posttest, with children in PHAST better able to read words with variant vowel pronunciations. Results suggest that sublexical emphasis influences transfer gains to word reading.
Descriptors: Decoding (Reading), Reading Difficulties, Intervention, Transfer of Training, Reading Instruction, Instructional Effectiveness, Elementary School Students, Pretests Posttests, Reading Programs, Vowels, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Phonics, Reading Tests, Intelligence Tests, Verbal Ability, Vocabulary, Morphemes
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Woodcock Reading Mastery Test
Grant or Contract Numbers: R03HD04572601