ERIC Number: EJ1105158
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 58
Who Did What to Whom? The Relationship between Syntactic Aspects of Sentence Comprehension and Text Comprehension
Poulsen, Mads; Gravgaard, Amalie K. D.
Scientific Studies of Reading, v20 n4 p325-338 2016
This study investigated the relationship between syntactic comprehension at the sentence level and text-level comprehension. The study isolated the specific contribution of syntax by asking whether sentence comprehension efficiency of difficult syntactic constructions explained variance in text comprehension after controlling for sentence comprehension efficiency of basic constructions with similar semantic complexity. Seventy-three Grade 5 students completed assessments of text comprehension; basic and difficult written sentence comprehension efficiency; and control measures of decoding fluency, vocabulary, and verbal memory. Efficiency measures were used to assess individual differences in basic sentence comprehension with accuracy near ceiling. Difficult sentence comprehension efficiency explained 6% unique variance in text comprehension after controlling for basic sentence comprehension efficiency and other controls. Thus, the results show that individual differences in the ability to establish sentence meaning from syntactic information are related to text comprehension.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Public Schools, Elementary School Students, Grade 5, Syntax, Sentence Structure, Reading Comprehension, Efficiency, Difficulty Level, Decoding (Reading), Reading Fluency, Vocabulary Development, Verbal Learning, Short Term Memory, Individual Differences, Accuracy, Correlation, Grammar, Indo European Languages, Pictorial Stimuli, Task Analysis, Children, Intelligence Tests, Cloze Procedure, Scores, Statistical Analysis
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 5; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Denmark
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children