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ERIC Number: EJ1105064
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0159-6306
Fighting Segregation in Special Needs Education in the Netherlands: The Effects of Different Funding Models
Pijl, Sip Jan
Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, v37 n4 p553-562 2016
In the past few decades, the number of students attending segregated special schools in the Netherlands has risen considerably. In 1975, 2.2% of all students between 4 and 11 years old attended a special school, and this percentage almost doubled to 4.3% over the next 20 years. In order to stop further growth, two new education policies came into force in 1995 and 2003: "Together to School Again" and the so-called "Backpack." These policies differed in the way that special needs funding was allocated. "Together to School Again" was based on lump sum funding to schools, while "Backpack" was linked to the individual and based on individual needs. Neither of these policy initiatives has been particularly successful in reducing the number of students with special needs in segregated settings. In theory, lump sum funding seemed a promising option, but the combination of two different ways of funding special needs education proved to be problematic. The Dutch experience illustrates the difficulties of effecting fundamental structural changes in this field.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A