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ERIC Number: EJ1104798
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1932-5037
Exploring Gender Differences in Predicting Physical Activity among Elementary Aged Children: An Application of the Integrated Behavioral Model
Branscum, Paul; Bhochhibhoya, Amir
American Journal of Health Education, v47 n4 p234-242 2016
Background: The integrated behavioral model (IBM) is a new and emerging theory in the field of health promotion and health education, and more applications are needed to test the usefulness of the model for research and practice. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to operationalize the IBM as it relates to physical activity (PA) among children and explore potential gender differences within the model. Methods: A convenience sample of 261 elementary children completed an instrument evaluating constructs of the IBM. Two rounds of step-wise multiple regression analysis determined how the core constructs of the IBM predicted intentions toward PA and how intentions and the parental environment predicted PA. Results: Perceived behavioral control, attitudes, and perceived norms significantly predicted intention toward PA for both boys (adjusted R[superscript 2] = 0.704) and girls (adjusted R[superscript 2] = 0.478). Intentions and parental environment also significantly predicted PA among boys (adjusted R[superscript 2] = 0.178) and girls (adjusted R[superscript 2] = 0.199). Discussion: The IBM appears to be a strong theoretical framework for predicting PA among elementary children; however, differences between what factors motivate boys and girls to be PA were found. Translation to Health Education Practice: Health Educators can use information from this study to develop gender-specific interventions promoting physical activity among children.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A