ERIC Number: EJ1104600
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
Teachers in School Sports: Between the Fields of Education and Sport?
Sport, Education and Society, v21 n6 p907-923 2016
According to the cultural sociologist Pierre Bourdieu, gaining access to a social space or a position within a social space requires a specific capital. For teachers, this is normally indicated by a valid teaching certificate with relevant subject knowledge. However, when no qualified teachers are available, which is the case for the subject of school sports in Sweden, other assets gain recognition. Drawing on Bourdieu's conceptual framework, this paper examined the conditions for school sports in Sweden, and based on questionnaires answered by 109 teachers, explored the competencies, education and backgrounds teachers in upper secondary school sports possess. The paper address the question: what valuable resources are required to become a teacher of school sports and gain recognition as symbolic capital? The results show that while school sports in Sweden are carried out through a school subject and thus regulated by the government, it is influenced by both the fields of education and sport. Furthermore, the questionnaire results show that a majority of the teachers are employed as coaches instead of teachers and that less than half of them (45%) have a teacher education background, while 95% have a coaching education background. However, the results also show that teachers assessed their competencies for teaching school sports as high, especially with regard to competencies in specific sport skills. In conclusion, this paper shows how coaching education and experience in competitive sports are an important resource required to become a teacher in school sports and is thus recognized as symbolic capital. Therefore, school sports cannot be viewed as a legitimate part of the field of education but can be viewed as a part of the field of sport.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Athletics, Teachers, Questionnaires, Secondary School Teachers, Teacher Education, Physical Activities, Physical Education, Physical Education Teachers, Teacher Education Programs, Cultural Capital, Data Collection, Likert Scales, Statistical Analysis, Comparative Analysis, Athletes, Team Sports, Athletic Coaches, Social Capital
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Sweden