ERIC Number: EJ1104294
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 40
Semantic Size and Contextual Congruency Effects during Reading: Evidence from Eye Movements
Wei, Wei; Cook, Anne E.
Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, v53 n5-6 p415-429 2016
Recent lexical decision studies have produced conflicting evidence about whether an object's semantic size influences word recognition. The present study examined this variable in online reading. Target words representing small and large objects were embedded in sentence contexts that were either neutral, congruent, or incongruent with respect to object size, and participants' eye movements were monitored. We found that although semantic size alone did not influence early word processing, the congruency of the object's size with the preceding context did have an effect. Rereading durations and total times were longer for targets in incongruent contexts, but this occurred regardless of a target's semantic size. We suggest that semantic size may not affect early word recognition processes but that size information is activated upon reading a word and subsequently integrated and validated against readers' knowledge and the context. These findings can be accommodated within the RI-Val view of comprehension.
Descriptors: Semantics, Context Effect, Reading Processes, Eye Movements, Congruence (Psychology), Evidence, Lexicology, Decision Making, Electronic Learning, Sentences, Word Recognition, Reading Comprehension, Task Analysis, Undergraduate Students, Measurement Equipment
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Utah