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ERIC Number: EJ1104292
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0163-853X
Augmenting the Refutation Text Effect with Analogies and Graphics
Danielson, Robert W.; Sinatra, Gale M.; Kendeou, Panayiota
Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, v53 n5-6 p392-414 2016
Refutation texts have been shown to be effective at promoting knowledge revision. It has been suggested that refutation texts are most effective when the misconception and the correct information are co-activated and integrated with causal networks that support the correct information. We explored two augmentations to a refutation text that might enhance the possibility of co-activation, integration, and thus revision: analogies and graphics. Participants (122 college students) were randomly assigned to read one of four experimental texts (refutation text, refutation text+graphic, refutation text+analogy, or refutation text+graphic+analogy). Results showed that refutation text+analogy and refutation text+graphic+analogy were the most successful in promoting revision. Implications for theory and practice are discussed.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Flesch Kincaid Grade Level Formula; Flesch Reading Ease Formula
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A