ERIC Number: EJ1104220
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 24
Vocabulary of Toddlers Who Are Late Talkers
MacRoy-Higgins, Michelle; Shafer, Valerie L.; Fahey, Katlin J.; Kaden, Elyssa R.
Journal of Early Intervention, v38 n2 p118-129 Jun 2016
The purpose of this study was to understand vocabulary characteristics in toddlers who are late talkers (LT) as compared with age-matched (AM) and vocabulary-matched (VM) peers. The semantic categories (e.g., animals, foods, toys) and the percentage of nouns, verbs, and closed-class words in the vocabularies of 36 toddlers (12 LT, 12 AM, 12 VM) were examined. Results indicated that the semantic categories present in the vocabularies of toddlers who were LT were similar to those of VM peers but not of AM peers. Nouns represented the largest word class in all participant groups, but the percentage of nouns in the vocabularies of toddlers who were LT was less than the percentage of nouns in the vocabularies of AM and VM peers. These findings indicate that the vocabularies of toddlers who are LT may be atypical, rather than delayed. Clinical application and potential intervention strategies are discussed.
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Toddlers, Delayed Speech, Semantics, Nouns, Verbs, Form Classes (Languages), Intervention, Correlation, Statistical Analysis, Language Skills, Measures (Individuals), Child Development, Infants, Socioeconomic Status
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York (New York)
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Bayley Scales of Infant Development; Hollingshead Social Economic Status Measures; MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory; Preschool Language Scale