ERIC Number: EJ1104218
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 25
High Impact Practices: Student Engagement and Retention
Bonet, Giselle; Walters, Barbara R.
College Student Journal, v50 n2 p224-235 Sum 2016
Community college students face special challenges that can impede their academic progress, resulting in lower grades and persistence than students in selective four-year colleges. Kingsborough Community College in Brooklyn, New York, successfully addresses these challenges with learning communities: small cohorts of students in a blocked program of study, which includes developmental or basic English, a one-credit student skills course, and a social or behavioral science course. This research analyzes the short-term effects of the model by comparing a sample of 267 students enrolled in four learning community and four regular sections of sociology and psychology classes. The results demonstrate a high positive impact for learning communities on student success as measured by grades and course completion rates, with higher levels of engagement and lower rates of absences in learning community sections as the key causal mechanisms. That is, statistically significant correlations between mode of delivery and grades are reduced when controlling for absences, elaborating on and perhaps explaining the well-established relationship between learning communities and short-term student success.
Descriptors: Two Year College Students, Community Colleges, Learner Engagement, School Holding Power, Comparative Analysis, College Curriculum, Sociology, Psychology, Grades (Scholastic), Attendance, Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Two Year Colleges; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York (New York)