ERIC Number: EJ1104125
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Purification and Electrophoretic Characterization of Lactate Dehydrogenase from Mammalian Blood: A Different Twist on a Classic Experiment
Brunauer, Linda S.
Journal of Chemical Education, v93 n6 p1108-1114 Jun 2016
A multiweek protein purification suite, suitable for upper-division biochemistry or biotechnology undergraduate students, is described. Students work in small teams to isolate the enzyme lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) from a nontraditional tissue source, mammalian blood, using a sequence of three column chromatographic procedures: ion-exchange, size exclusion, and affinity chromatography. Protein and enzyme activity elution profiles are determined by graphical analysis of assay data collected using rapid microplate spectrophotometric assays. Students perform quantitative assays on LDH pools and use these data to build a purification table for use in evaluating the protocol. The protocol typically generates final overall fold-purifications from 1500 to 2500 and activity recoveries of 45-60%. Electrophoretic separations in both denaturing and native-gel format are analyzed both visually and by use of commercial digital analysis software to assess the isoenzyme pattern of isolated LDH and to further evaluate the purification. Assessment of student work revealed a high level of achievement of course learning goals that include development of critical thinking skills required to (1) critically evaluate an experimental protocol and (2) draw conclusions based on a variety of forms of experimental data.
Descriptors: Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Undergraduate Students, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Critical Thinking, Thinking Skills, Computer Software, Animals, Hands on Science, Laboratory Experiments
Division of Chemical Education, Inc and ACS Publications Division of the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 800-227-5558; Tel: 202-872-4600; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://pubs.acs.org/jchemeduc
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A