ERIC Number: EJ1104010
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 52
Testing the Contact Hypothesis: Improving College Students' Affective Attitudes toward People with Disabilities
Wickline, Virginia B.; Neu, Tricia; Dodge, Chad P.; Shriver, Edwin R.
Journal on Excellence in College Teaching, v27 n2 p3-28 2016
Previous research suggests that high quality contact between people from different groups is a relatively consistent way of decreasing stereotypes and prejudices. The authors determined that a very short-term, service-learning project with people with developmental disabilities (DD) could reduce college students' fear of this population. In addition, previous contact through friendships with people with disabilities was associated with greater empathy for and less discomfort with people with DD, even after taking students' comfort level with people in general into account. Taken together, the study results show the importance of interacting with people with DD for improving attitudes and reducing stigma toward this population and suggests a specific strategy that college professors can use in their classrooms to facilitate positive social change in their students and communities.
Descriptors: Hypothesis Testing, Interpersonal Relationship, Service Learning, Developmental Disabilities, College Students, Attitudes toward Disabilities, Fear, Friendship, Empathy, Interaction, Attitude Change, Stereotypes, Attitude Measures, Social Bias, Control Groups, Experimental Groups, Correlation, Mixed Methods Research, Pretests Posttests, Surveys, Disabilities, Case Studies
Miami University. 303 South Patterson Avenue, Oxford, OH 45056. Tel: 513-529-9265; Fax: 513-529-9264; Web site: http://www.celt.muohio.edu/ject/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Attitudes Toward Disabled Persons Scale