ERIC Number: EJ1103921
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Peer Sameness and Peer Diversity: The Influence of Breadth and Depth of Classmates with High Academic Needs in Kindergarten
Gottfried, Michael A.
Early Education and Development, v27 n5 p655-675 2016
Research Findings: Relying on a newly released national data set of kindergarten students from the 2010-2011 school year (Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011), the findings suggest that having a greater percentage of same-needs classmates positively boosts both achievement and socioemotional outcomes among kindergartners. However, the overall degree of diversity in the classroom has no effect (either negative or positive) on these same outcomes. Practice or Policy: Alongside changes in schooling integration policies and grade promotion practices, the general education classroom is becoming increasingly diverse academically. It is notable that general education classrooms have been experiencing increases in the presence of children with disabilities and English language learners in addition to increases in the number of retained students. Prior empirical research typically isolated how 1 of these groups with high academic needs might have influenced the outcomes of other students in that same classroom. Rather than focusing on the influence of 1 student group, however, this study adopts a more holistic perspective by examining how the degree of diversity of high-needs classmates in a classroom might be linked to child outcomes.
Descriptors: Children, Longitudinal Studies, Kindergarten, Student Diversity, Peer Influence, At Risk Students, Student Needs, Parent Surveys, Teacher Surveys, Administrator Surveys, Student Characteristics, Academic Achievement, Social Development, Emotional Development, Disabilities, English Language Learners
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Kindergarten; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey
Grant or Contract Numbers: R03HD071334