ERIC Number: EJ1103444
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Development of a Brief Intervention to Improve Knowledge of Autism and Behavioral Strategies among Parents in Tanzania
Harrison, Ashley Johnson; Long, Kristin A.; Manji, Karim P.; Blane, Karyn K.
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, v54 n3 p187-201 Jun 2016
Despite the global presence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a paucity of treatment services exists in Tanzania and other low- and middle-income countries. The effect of delayed or low-quality treatments is enduring and contributes to lifelong variability in ASD-related functional impairments. Service disparities in Tanzania derive in part from a widespread lack of national ASD knowledge. Historically, in Western countries, parents have played a major role in increasing ASD awareness, advancing research, and encouraging empirically supported treatments. In the absence of established treatment services, parents of children with ASD have also learned to implement behavioral interventions to reduce the widening skills gaps. This article describes the development of an intervention designed to inform parents in Tanzania about ASD and empirically supported behavioral strategies. Preliminary data, collected from a clinical implementation with 29 Tanzanian families of children diagnosed with ASD or general developmental delays, support the initial feasibility and acceptability of this intervention. This brief intervention may help to ameliorate treatment disparities due to insufficient regional knowledge, language barriers, or limited service availability and may help improve functional outcomes among Tanzanian children with ASD.
Descriptors: Intervention, Autism, Foreign Countries, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parent Role, Therapy, Outcomes of Treatment, Behavior Change, Clinical Diagnosis, Developmental Delays, Knowledge Level, Training
American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. P.O. Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044-1897. Tel: 785-843-1235; Fax: 785-843-1274; e-mail: AJMR@allenpress.com; Web site: http://www.aaiddjournals.org/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS/NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Tanzania
Grant or Contract Numbers: T325T32MH01992720; NIMH5T32MH01992718