ERIC Number: EJ1102903
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Improving the Retention of First-Year College Students: A Temporal Model of Assessment and Intervention
Beck, Hall P.; Davidson, William B.
Journal of The First-Year Experience & Students in Transition, v27 n2 p83-99 Fall 2015
This investigation sought to determine when colleges should conduct assessments to identify first-year students at risk of dropping out. Thirty-five variables were used to predict the persistence of 2,024 first-year students from four universities in the southeastern United States. The predictors were subdivided into groups according to when they became available during the students' first college year: (a) indices obtained during the admissions process, (b) measures that could be gathered at matriculation, and (c) variables requiring interactions with the school's academic and social environments. Sequential logistic regression found statistically significant and practically important increments in the ability to predict retention with the addition of each temporal group. Variables dependent upon interactions with the academic and social environments were the best predictors of retention. The resulting temporal model was used to generate strategies for when and how college personnel should intervene to increase retention.
Descriptors: College Students, College Freshmen, Higher Education, School Holding Power, Colleges, Universities, Program Evaluation, Intervention, Investigations, At Risk Students, Dropouts, Dropout Characteristics, Predictor Variables, Academic Persistence, College Admission, Regression (Statistics), Prediction, Probability, Educational Environment, Social Environment, Student Attrition, Standardized Tests, Likert Scales, College Entrance Examinations, Correlation, Student Experience, Questionnaires, Scores, Admission (School), Introductory Courses, Psychology
National Resource Center for The First-Year Experience and Students in Transition. University of South Carolina, 1728 College Street, Columbia, SC 29208. Tel: 803-777-6229; Fax: 803-777-4699; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://sc.edu/fye/journal/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: ACT Assessment; SAT (College Admission Test)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A