ERIC Number: EJ1102606
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Effects of Prior Knowledge in Mathematics on Learner-Interface Interactions in a Learning-by-Teaching Intelligent Tutoring System
Bringula, Rex P.; Basa, Roselle S.; Dela Cruz, Cecilio; Rodrigo, Ma. Mercedes T.
Journal of Educational Computing Research, v54 n4 p462-482 Jul 2016
This study attempted to determine the influence of prior knowledge in mathematics of students on learner-interface interactions in a learning-by-teaching intelligent tutoring system. One hundred thirty-nine high school students answered a pretest (i.e., the prior knowledge in mathematics) and a posttest. In between the pretest and posttest, they used the SimStudent, an intelligent tutoring system that follows a teaching-by-learning paradigm. The intervention period lasted for three consecutive days with 1 hour session each. SimStudent captured learner-interface interactions, such as time spent tutoring, number of quizzes conducted, and number of hints requested. It was disclosed that prior knowledge in term identification was the only skill that had a consistent, positive, and significant influence on learner-interface interaction with a SimStudent. Thus, the null hypothesis stating that prior knowledge in mathematics does not significantly influence interaction of students with a simulated student was partially rejected. It was concluded that the students may demonstrate or omit a skill, depending on their prior knowledge on identifying the terms of equations and the next step in solving equations. Recommendations and directions for future studies were presented.
Descriptors: Mathematics, Tutoring, Mathematics Instruction, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Prior Learning, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Tutorial Programs, Tutors, High School Students, Secondary School Mathematics, Pretests Posttests, Intervention, Peer Teaching, Teaching Methods, Simulated Environment, Experiential Learning, Instructional Materials, Mathematics Achievement, Computer Assisted Instruction, Introductory Courses, Algebra, Correlation, Equations (Mathematics), Mathematics Teachers, Problem Solving, Regression (Statistics), Experimental Groups, Control Groups, Mathematics Tests, Mathematics Skills, Experiments
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Philippines (Manila)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A