ERIC Number: EJ1102371
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 67
Critical Realism and Realist Review: Analyzing Complexity in Educational Restructuring and the Limits of Generalizing Program Theories Across Borders
De Souza, Denise E.
American Journal of Evaluation, v37 n2 p216-237 Jun 2016
This article focuses on the design of a critical realist review that deployed Bhaskar's resolution, redescribing, retroduction, eliminating, identifying, and correcting schema and Pawson and Tilley's Context-Mechanism-Outcome configuration underpinned by realist social theory. Methodologically, the review examined the relationship between Singapore's educational restructuring efforts and the research program theory adopted to measure and provide feedback on its outcomes. Specifically, the review investigated how the standards for authentic achievement and pedagogy from America (and a modified version from Australia) influenced educational research conduct in Singapore. The mechanism of interest was the practice of using the standards and accompanying assumptions from the American experience as a generalizable mechanism for producing evidence to measure and inform Singapore's educational restructuring policy and educational practice. The article proposes that the critical realist review design provides one example of analyzing complexity and accounting for the historical, highlighting the limits of generalizing program theories across borders.
Descriptors: Realism, Social Theories, Foreign Countries, Educational Practices, Educational Change, Program Implementation, Academic Achievement, Instruction, Outcome Measures, Program Evaluation, Evaluation Methods, Social Structure, Educational Research, Feedback (Response), Content Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia; North America; Singapore