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ERIC Number: EJ1102305
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Abstractor: As Provided
Disaster Management through Experiential Learning
Rijumol, K. C.; Thangarajathi, S.; Ananthasayanam, R.
Journal on Educational Psychology, v4 n1 p1-6 May-Jul 2010
Disasters can strike at any time, at any place. The world is becoming increasingly vulnerable to natural disasters. From earthquakes to floods and famines, mankind is even more threatened by the forces of nature. The Theme of the 2006 to 2007 International Day for Disaster Reduction was "Disaster Risk Reduction begins at schools" and numerous schools in South Africa have participated in 2006 & 2007 disaster risk reduction program conducted under the auspices of the United Nations international strategy for disaster reduction (UNISDR) mechanisms under the theme, "Towards a culture of risk reduction: Disaster Management begins at school". Disaster Management is best viewed as life skill and has maximum impact when taught through hands-on learning & experimentation, rather than teaching it solely as an academic subject. Therefore it includes carrying out disaster preparedness programmes including mock drills, first aid, search and rescue, swimming and crowd management training. As a rule, hands on experiential learning is the most effective way to educate life oriented subject like Disaster Management. Therefore, ideally a disaster relevant curriculum would not only teach knowledge of the natural hazards themselves, but also would involve students in a more hands on practical application in identifying hazards and risks and how to deal with them. This could include visits to and by the institutions dealing with various aspects of hazards and disaster risk management. This paper focuses on Disaster Management and experiential learning, Empowering the younger generation on the preventive aspects, the types of services and learning to be rendered in a disastrous situation and the need for humanistic approach in dealing with disasters through experiential learning. Also the role of teacher and learner in experience based learning situation and some educational implications are explained.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Emergency Programs, Experiential Learning, Natural Disasters, Drills (Practice), Learning Processes, Teacher Role, Student Role
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Africa