ERIC Number: EJ1101865
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Standard Setting in Specific-Purpose Language Testing: What Can a Qualitative Study Add?
Manias, Elizabeth; McNamara, Tim
Language Testing, v33 n2 p235-249 Apr 2016
This paper explores the views of nursing and medical domain experts in considering the standards for a specific-purpose English language screening test, the Occupational English Test (OET), for professional registration for immigrant health professionals. Since individuals who score performances in the test setting are often language experts rather than domain experts, there are possible tensions between what is being measured by a language test and what is deemed important by domain experts. Another concern is a lack of qualitative research on the process of the standard setting. To date, no published qualitative work has been identified about the contributions of domain experts in the standard setting for healthcare communication. In this study, a standard-setting exercise was conducted for the speaking component of the OET, using judgements of nursing and medical clinical educators and supervisors. In all, 13 medical and 18 nursing clinical educators and supervisors rated medical and nursing candidate performances respectively. These performances were audio-recorded OET role-plays that were selected across a range of proficiency levels. Domain experts were invited to comment on the basis of their decisions and the extent of alignment between these decisions and the criteria used to assess performance on the OET. Nursing and medical domain experts showed that they attended to all of the OET criteria in making their decisions about standards. However, clinical scenario simulation also invited judgements of clinical competence from participants, even where they knew that clinical competence should be excluded from their decision-making. Another concern related to the authenticity limitations of the role-play tasks as evidence of readiness to handle communication in the workplace. Overall, findings support the value of qualitative evidence from the standard setting in providing insight into the factors informing and impeding decision-making.
Descriptors: Standard Setting, Academic Standards, English for Special Purposes, Language Tests, Qualitative Research, Screening Tests, Health Occupations, Nurses, Health Personnel, Immigrants, Expertise, Evaluation Criteria, Performance Based Assessment, Decision Making, Role Playing, Interpersonal Communication, Clinical Teaching (Health Professions), Rating Scales, Medicine, Nursing, Discourse Analysis, Comprehension, Professionalism, Questioning Techniques, Audio Equipment, Workshops, Validity
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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