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ERIC Number: EJ1101804
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Aug
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1305-8223
Factors Contributing to Mathematics Achievement Differences of Turkish and Australian Students in TIMSS 2007 and 2011
Arikan, Serkan; van de Vijver, Fons J. R.; Yagmur, Kutlay
EURASIA Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, v12 n8 p2039-2059 Aug 2016
Large-scale studies, such as the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), provide data to understand cross-national differences and similarities. In this study, we aimed to identify factors predicting mathematics achievement of Turkish students by comparing to Australian students. First, construct equivalence and item bias were evaluated to check the comparability. Second, factors predicting mathematics achievement of Turkish and Australian students were identified. Then, propensity score matching on background variables was conducted to identify the remaining achievement differences. Results indicated that mathematics skills were free of construct bias in these groups. After removal of some biased items, we obtained an item bias free booklet. Additionally, students' self-confidence and educational resources at home were significant predictors of achievement. Propensity score analysis indicated that educational resources and to a somewhat lesser extent self-confidence were effective in explaining achievement differences between these two countries.
EURASIA. Gazi Egitim Fakultesi, K Blok 210, Teknikokullar, Ankara, 06500 Turkey. Tel: +90-312-202-8192; Fax: +90-312-222-8483; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Grade 8; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Secondary Education; Elementary Secondary Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia; Turkey
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A