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ERIC Number: EJ1101588
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0161-827X
First Nations and Higher Education: The Four R's--Respect, Relevance, Reciprocity, Responsibility
Kirkness, Verna J.; Barnhardt, Ray
Journal of College and University Student Housing, v42 n2 p94-109 2016
American Indian/First Nations/Native People have been historically under-represented in the ranks of college and university graduates in Canada and the United States. From an institutional perspective, the problem has been typically defined in terms of low achievement, high attrition, poor retention, weak persistence, etc., thus placing the onus for adjustment on the student. From the perspective of the Indian student, however, the problem is often cast in more human terms, with an emphasis on the need for a higher educational system that "respects" them for who they are, that is "relevant" to their view of the world, that offers "reciprocity" in their relationships with others, and that helps them exercise "responsibility" over their own lives. This paper examines the implications of these differences in perspective and identifies ways in which initiatives within and outside of existing institutions are transforming the landscape of higher education for First Nations/American Indian people in both Canada and the United States. [This article first appeared in "Journal of American Indian Education," v30 n3 p1-15 May 1991, (EJ438242).]
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Postsecondary Education; Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada; United States
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A