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ERIC Number: EJ1101500
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-May
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9584
Investigating General Chemistry Students' Metacognitive Monitoring of Their Exam Performance by Measuring Postdiction Accuracies over Time
Hawker, Morgan J.; Dysleski, Lisa; Rickey, Dawn
Journal of Chemical Education, v93 n5 p832-840 May 2016
Metacognitive monitoring of one's own understanding plays a key role in learning. An aspect of metacognitive monitoring can be measured by comparing a student's prediction or postdiction of performance (a judgment made before or after completing the relevant task) with the student's actual performance. In this study, we investigated students' postdiction accuracies for a series of exams within a two-semester general chemistry course. The research questions addressed include (1) How accurate are general chemistry students at postdicting their exam scores? Are there gender differences in postdiction accuracy?; (2) How do general chemistry students' postdiction accuracies relate to their exam performance?; and (3) How do general chemistry students' postdiction accuracies and metacognitive monitoring of their exam performance change over time? Results indicate that most general chemistry students are not accurate in their exam score postdictions and that, consistent with research conducted in other domains, higher-performing students make more accurate postdictions than lower-performing students. In addition, although students who were new to a general chemistry course appeared to improve in their metacognitive monitoring on the second course exam compared with the first, monitoring did not significantly improve after that initial adjustment. Given the importance of metacognitive monitoring for student learning of chemistry, these findings suggest that further research and development of interventions to improve the metacognitive monitoring of introductory chemistry students is warranted.
Division of Chemical Education, Inc and ACS Publications Division of the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 800-227-5558; Tel: 202-872-4600; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: 0942448