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ERIC Number: EJ1101348
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0270-1367
College Students' Physical Activity and Health-Related Quality of Life: An Achievement Goal Perspective
Zhang, Tao; Xiang, Ping; Gu, Xiangli; Rose, Melanie
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v87 n2 p182-190 2016
Purpose: The 2 × 2 achievement goal model, including the mastery-approach, mastery-avoidance, performance-approach, and performance-avoidance goal orientations, has recently been used to explain motivational outcomes in physical activity. This study attempted to examine the relationships among 2 × 2 achievement goal orientations, physical activity, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in college students. Method: Participants were 325 students (130 men and 195 women; M[subscript age] = 21.4 years) enrolled in physical activity classes at a Southern university. They completed surveys validated in previous research assessing achievement goal orientations, physical activity, and HRQOL. Results: Path analyses revealed a good fit between the model and data (root mean square error of approximation = 0.06; Comparative Fit Index = 0.99; Bentler-Bonett Nonnormed Fit Index = 0.98; Incremental Fit Index = 0.99), but the model explained small variances in the current study. Mastery-approach and performance-approach goal orientations only had low or no relationships with physical activity. Mastery-approach goal orientation and physical activity also had low positive relationships with HRQOL, but mastery-avoidance and performance-avoidance goal orientations had low negative relationships with HRQOL. The hypothesized mediational role of physical activity in the relationship between mastery-approach and performance-approach goal orientations and HRQOL was not supported in this study. Conclusions: Although the data fit the proposed model well, only small variance was explained by the model. The relationship between physical activity and HRQOL of the college students and other related correlates should be further studied.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A