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ERIC Number: EJ1101146
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jun
Pages: 28
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1056-7941
Moving beyond "Yes" or "No": Shifting from Over-Scaffolding to Contingent Scaffolding in Literacy Instruction with Emergent Bilingual Students
Daniel, Shannon M.; Martin-Beltrán, Melinda; Peercy, Megan Madigan; Silverman, Rebecca
TESOL Journal, v7 n2 p393-420 Jun 2016
Building on theories of scaffolding and previous research on scaffolding between adults and children, this article provides empirical examples of over-scaffolding as it occurs in peer-to-peer literacy activities among elementary-level emergent bilingual students. In their analysis of data from the first year of a design-based research project (Bradley & Reinking, 2011) consisting of a cross-aged peer-tutoring program, the authors shed light on how their curriculum tools unintentionally over-scaffolded students' interactions. Over-scaffolding limited students' productive and substantive engagement and inadvertently led students to enact the prevalent initiate-respond-evaluate discourse pattern in their partner discussions. The broader phenomena of over-scaffolding in many classrooms may position emergent bilinguals as passive respondents in literacy interactions rather than as active participants in their language and literacy learning. To ensure that learners are participating and teachers and tutors are scaffolding literacy practices appropriately, the authors advocate for responsive, contingent scaffolding to keep learners productively engaged. The aim is for the findings and implications to help readers reexamine their own interactive literacy practices and research with emergent bilingual students and shift from over-scaffolding to contingent scaffolding.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED); Department of Education (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305A110142