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ERIC Number: EJ1100936
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 54
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1547-5441
The Influence of Phonotactic Probability and Neighborhood Density on Children's Production of Newly Learned Words
Heisler, Lori; Goffman, Lisa
Language Learning and Development, v12 n3 p338-356 2016
A word learning paradigm was used to teach children novel words that varied in phonotactic probability and neighborhood density. The effects of frequency and density on speech production were examined when phonetic forms were nonreferential (i.e., when no referent was attached) and when phonetic forms were referential (i.e., when a referent was attached through fast mapping). Two methods of analysis were included: kinematic variability of speech movement patterning and measures of segmental accuracy. Results showed that phonotactic frequency influenced the stability of movement patterning whereas neighborhood density influenced phoneme accuracy. Motor learning was observed in both nonreferential and referential novel words. Forms with low phonotactic probability and low neighborhood density showed a word learning effect when a referent was assigned during fast mapping. These results elaborate on and specify the nature of interactivity observed across lexical, phonological, and articulatory domains.
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Indiana
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Columbia Mental Maturity Scale; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test
Grant or Contract Numbers: R01DC04826