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ERIC Number: EJ1100605
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-May
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1944-7515
A Qualitative Analysis of Imitation Performances of Preschoolers with Down Syndrome
Vanvuchelen, Marleen
American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, v121 n3 p266-275 May 2016
A number of studies suggest that imitation is a characteristic strength in children with Down Syndrome (DS). The present study aims to discover whether imitation performances are qualitatively phenotypical in DS. Eight preschoolers with DS were matched on chronological, mental, language and imitation age with 8 preschoolers with intellectual disability of undifferentiated etiology (ID-UND). Imitation performances on the Preschool Imitation and Praxis Scale were videotaped for blind scoring on 30 possible errors. Children with DS made fewer production errors (synkinesias, OR 0.3 [0.1-0.7]), but more conceptual errors (substitution, OR 2.5 [1.6-3.9]) compared to children with ID-UND. This finding is in line with the view of a cognitive phenotype in DS, which is characterized by preserved visuospatial and impaired language abilities.
American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. P.O. Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044-1897. Tel: 785-843-1235; Fax: 785-843-1274; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A