ERIC Number: EJ1100294
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 11
Investigating Freezing Point Depression and Cirrus Cloud Nucleation Mechanisms Using a Differential Scanning Calorimeter
Bodzewski, Kentaro Y.; Caylor, Ryan L.; Comstock, Ashley M.; Hadley, Austin T.; Imholt, Felisha M.; Kirwan, Kory D.; Oyama, Kira S.; Wise, Matthew E.
Journal of Chemical Education, v93 n4 p729-732 Apr 2016
A differential scanning calorimeter was used to study homogeneous nucleation of ice from micron-sized aqueous ammonium sulfate aerosol particles. It is important to understand the conditions at which these particles nucleate ice because of their connection to cirrus cloud formation. Additionally, the concept of freezing point depression, a topic commonly encountered in undergraduate science courses, was experimentally studied using an instrumental technique. As expected, when the concentration of ammonium sulfate in the particles increased, their freezing and melting temperatures decreased. The data was consistent with previous work that showed water activity is the determinant for homogeneous ice nucleation in aerosol particles. This laboratory experiment is appropriate for students enrolled in upper division atmospheric science, chemistry and instrumental analysis courses.
Descriptors: Chemistry, Laboratory Procedures, Laboratory Equipment, Undergraduate Students, College Science, Thermodynamics, Scientific Concepts, Science Experiments, Laboratory Experiments, Meteorology
Division of Chemical Education, Inc and ACS Publications Division of the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 800-227-5558; Tel: 202-872-4600; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://pubs.acs.org/jchemeduc
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A