ERIC Number: EJ1100110
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
A Qualitative Synthesis of the Flynn Effect
Ceci, Stephen J.; Williams, Wendy M.
Measurement: Interdisciplinary Research and Perspectives, v14 n2 p56-63 2016
Clark et al. focus on the likely drivers of the Flynn effect (sociocultural, educational, technological), and imply that it is not a single causal agent driving the upward climb in IQ scores but perhaps multiple causes with different onsets. Given, the authors' conception of intelligence in terms of underlying attentional and cognitive resources that are deployed to solve higher-level cognitive challenges, Ceci and Williams argue that the Flynn effect has not elevated actual intelligence, only provided useful tools to solve contemporary problems. Today, transnational comparisons of IQ scores reveal how social, economic, and educational policies affect children's IQ scores, often dramatically (Rindermann & Ceci, 2009). Yet, there is no evidence that these policies affect underlying intellectual ability.
Descriptors: Intelligence Quotient, Change, Generational Differences, Qualitative Research, College Entrance Examinations, Social Influences
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Tests/Questionnaires; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: SAT (College Admission Test)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A