ERIC Number: EJ1100050
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reality Monitoring and Metamemory in Adults with Autism Spectrum Conditions
Cooper, Rose A.; Plaisted-Grant, Kate C.; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Simons, Jon S.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v46 n6 p2186-2198 Jun 2016
Studies of reality monitoring (RM) often implicate medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in distinguishing internal and external information, a region linked to autism-related deficits in social and self-referential information processing, executive function, and memory. This study used two RM conditions (self-other; perceived-imagined) to investigate RM and metamemory in adults with autism. The autism group showed a deficit in RM, which did not differ across source conditions, and both groups exhibited a self-encoding benefit on recognition and source memory. Metamemory for perceived-imagined information, but not for self-other information, was significantly lower in the autism group. Therefore, reality monitoring and metamemory, sensitive to mPFC function, appear impaired in autism, highlighting a difficulty in remembering and monitoring internal and external details of past events.
Descriptors: Memory, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cognitive Processes, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Recognition (Psychology), Social Cognition, Disabilities
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Raven Advanced Progressive Matrices; Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A