ERIC Number: EJ1100040
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 98
Theory of Mind and Executive Control Deficits in Typically Developing Adults and Adolescents with High Levels of Autism Traits
Gökçen, Elif; Frederickson, Norah; Petrides, K. V.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v46 n6 p2072-2087 Jun 2016
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterised by profound difficulties in empathic processing and executive control. Whilst the links between these processes have been frequently investigated in populations with autism, few studies have examined them at the subclinical level. In addition, the contribution of alexithymia, a trait characterised by impaired interoceptive awareness and empathy, and elevated in those with ASD, is currently unclear. The present two-part study employed a comprehensive battery of tasks to examine these processes. Findings support the notion that executive function and theory of mind are related abilities. They also suggest that individuals with elevated levels of autism-like traits experience a partially similar pattern of social and executive function difficulties to those diagnosed with ASD, and that these impairments are not explained by co-occurring alexithymia.
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Executive Function, Autism, Severe Disabilities, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Empathy, Cognitive Ability, Personality Traits, Adults, Adolescents, Task Analysis, Cognitive Processes, Correlation, Asperger Syndrome, Likert Scales, Multiple Regression Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wechsler Intelligence Scales Short Forms; Wisconsin Card Sorting Test