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ERIC Number: EJ1099776
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 34
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1543-4303
Test Takers' Performance Appraisals, Appraisal Calibration, and Cognitive and Metacognitive Strategy Use
Phakiti, Aek
Language Assessment Quarterly, v13 n2 p75-108 2016
The current study explores the nature and relationships among test takers' performance appraisals, appraisal calibration, and reported cognitive and metacognitive strategy use in a language test situation. Performance appraisals are executive processes of strategic competence for judging test performance (e.g., evaluating the correctness or appropriateness of responses to given test tasks). Appraisal calibration denotes a perfect match between appraisal confidence and actual test performance. 294 English as a foreign language (EFL) students took an English test, which was designed to measure four language areas (listening, grammar, vocabulary, and reading). The students reported their level of appraisal confidence immediately after answering each test question. At the end of the test, they were asked to report their overall appraisal confidence and perceived cognitive and metacognitive strategy use in the test. First, it was found that test takers were not well calibrated in all test sections. Second, test takers' appraisal confidence could predict just above one third of the test performance variance. Third, test takers tended to be underconfident in easy questions but overconfident in difficult questions. Fourth, appraisal calibration was not strongly related to reported metacognitive strategy use. The implications of the study in light of strategic competence research and recommendations for further research are discussed.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Thailand
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A